ImmunoDiagnostics Mouse Major Urinary Protein 1 is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Mouse Major Urinary Protein 1 (MUP1).
Each kit is sufficient for one 96-well plate and contains the following components:
- Microtiter strips (96 wells) – Coated with a polyclonal antibody against mouse Mup1, sealed.
- (10×) Wash buffer, 40ml.
- (5×) Assay buffer, 40ml.
- (100×) Detection antibody solution – A polyclonal antibody against mouse Mup1 conjugated with horseradish peroxidase, 0.12ml.
- Mouse Mup1 standard-40ng of recombinant mouse Mup1 in a buffered protein base, lyophilized.
- Substrate solution, 12ml, ready for use.
- Stop solution, 12ml, ready for use.
Other Materials Required, But Not Provided
- Pipettes and pipette tips.
- 96-well plate or manual strip washer.
- Buffer and reagent reservoirs.
- Paper towels or absorbent paper.
- Plate reader capable of reading absorbency at 450nm.
- Distilled water or deionized water.
The kit should be stored at 2-8°C upon receipt, and all reagents should be equilibrated to room temperature before use. Remove any unused antibody-coated strips from the Mup1 microplate, return them to the foil pouch and reseal. Once opened, the strips may be stored at 2-8°C for up to one month.
Preparation of Reagents
Bring all reagents and materials to room temperature before assay.
- 1× Assay buffer
Prepare 1×Assay buffer by mixing the 5×Assay buffer (40ml) with 160ml of distilled water or deionized water. If precipitates are observed in the 5×Assay buffer bottle, warm the bottle in a 37°C water bath until the precipitates disappear. The 1×Assay buffer may be stored at 2-8°C for up to one month.
- 1×Wash buffer
Prepare 1×Wash buffer by mixing the 10×Wash buffer (40ml) with 360ml of distilled water or deionized water. If precipitates are observed in the 10×Wash buffer bottle, warm the bottle in a 37°C water bath until the precipitates disappear. The 1×Wash buffer may be stored at 2-8°C for up to one month.
- 1×Detection antibody solution
Spin down the 100×Detection antibody solution briefly and dilute the desired amount of the antibody 1:100 with 1×Assay buffer, 100µl of the 1×Detection antibody solution is required per well. Prepare only as much 1×Detection antibody solution as needed. Return the 100×Detection antibody solution to 2-8°C immediately after the necessary volume is removed.
Preparation of Standards and Samples
Mup1 Standards: Reconstitute the lyophilized standard with 1 ml of 1×Assay buffer to generate a standard stock solution of 40ng/ml. Allow the standard to sit for 10 minutes with gentle agitation prior to making dilutions. Prepare serially diluted standards using 1×Assay buffer as follows:
|Standard volume||Volume of 1x Assay buffer||Concentration|
|250µl of 40ng/ml stock||250µl||20ng/ml|
|250µl of 20ng/ml std||250µl||10ng/ml|
|250µl of 10ng/ml std||250µl||5ng/ml|
|250µl of 5ng/ml std||250µl||2.5ng/ml|
|250µl of 2.5ng/ml std||250µl||1.25ng/ml|
|250µl of 1.25ng/ml std||250µl||0.625ng/ml|
1x Assay buffer serves as the zero standard (0ng/ml). The reconstituted standard stock should be aliquoted and frozen at -20ºC for one month. Avoid repeating freezing/thawing cycles. Please do not store the diluted standard solutions.
Sample preparation Serum or plasma sample is generally required a 4000-fold dilution in this assay. A two-step dilution is suggested.
Step 1: Add 10µl of sample into 990µl of 1× Assay buffer to give a 100-fold diluted sample solution.
Step 2: Add 10µl of the 100-fold diluted sample into 390µl of 1×Assay buffer to give a 4000-fold diluted sample. Dilution factors for cellular extracts and culture media need to be optimized by the user.
The lowest level of mouse Mup1 that can be detected by this assay is 0.625ng/ml.
The antibodies used in this assay are specific to mouse Mup1.
This assay is a sandwich ELISA designed for the quantitative detection of mouse Mup1 in samples. The immunoplate is pre-coated with antibody specific to mouse Mup1. Standards and samples are pipetted into the wells and any mouse Mup1 present is bound by the immobilized antibody. After washing away any unbound substances, a horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-linked polyclonal antibody specific for mouse Mup1 is added to the wells. After a final wash step, an HRP substrate solution is added and color develops in proportion to the amount of mouse Mup1 bound initially. The assay is stopped and the optical density of the wells determined using a microplate reader. Since the increases in absorbance are directly proportional to the amount of captured mouse Mup1, the unknown sample concentration can be interpolated from a reference curve included in each assay.
It is recommended that all standards and samples be assayed in duplicate.
- Add 100µl of standard or sample per well, incubate at room temperature for 1 hour.
- Discard the content and tap the plate on a clean paper towel to remove residual solution in each well. Add 300µl of 1×Wash buffer to each well and incubate for 1 minute. Discard the 1×Wash buffer and tap the plate on a clean paper towel to remove residual wash buffer. Repeat the wash step for a total 3 washes.
- Add 100µl of 1×Detection antibody solution to each well, incubate at room temperature for 1 hour.
- Wash each well 4 times as in step 2.
- Add 100µl of Substrate solution to each well, incubate at room temperature for 15 minutes. Protect from light.
- Add 100µl of Stop solution to each well, gently tap the plate frame for a few seconds to ensure thorough mixing.
- Measure absorbance of each well at 450nm immediately.
- Subtract the absorbance of the blank from that of standards and samples.
- Generate a standard curve by plotting the absorbance obtained (y-axis) against Mup1 concentrations (x-axis). The best fit line can be generated with any curve-fitting software by regression analysis. Any curve of 4-parameter or log-log curve fitting can be used for calculation.
- Determine Mup1 concentration of samples from standard curve and multiply the value by the dilution factor.
Assay Procedure Summary
Add 100µl of Standard or sample per well.
Incubate at room temperature for 1 hour.
Aspirate and wash each well three times.
Add 100µl of 1×Detection antibody solution to each well.
Incubate at room temperature for 1 hour.
Aspirate and wash each well four times.
Add 100µl of Substrate solution to each well.
Incubate at room temperature for 15 minutes.
Add 100µl of Stop solution to each well.
Measure absorbance of each well at 450nm.
The following standard curve is provided for demonstration only. A standard curve should be generated for each set of sample assay.
|Mup1 (ng/ml)||Absorbance (450nm)||Blanked Absorbance|
Standard curve (4-parameter)
Major urinary protein 1 (Mup1), also known as Mup7, Up-1, Ltn-1, Mup-1, Mup-a, Mup10 and Lvtn-1, is a low molecular weight secreted protein produced predominantly from the liver. Structurally it belongs to the lipocalin family, which carries small hydrophobic ligands such as pheromones. It has been demonstrated that Mup1 is an important player in regulating energy expenditure and metabolism in mice. In both dietary and genetic obese mice, the circulating concentrations of Mup1 were markedly decreased compared with the lean controls. Replenishment of recombinant MUP-1 led to improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, as well as increased energy expenditure and locomotor activity in db/db diabetic mice. It was suggested that Mup1 also regulates systemic glucose and/or lipid metabolism through the paracrine/autocrine regulation of the hepatic gluconeogenic and/or lipogenic programs, respectively.
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